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Vet News

  • In this issue – October 2017

    Tuesday, Sep 26 '17 03:27


  • News

    Tuesday, Sep 26 '17 03:27


  • Animal physiotherapy: assessment, treatment and rehabilitation of animals, 2nd edn. C McGowan and L Goff (editors). Wiley, 2016. 376 pages. Price A$111.95. ISBN 9781118852323.

    Tuesday, Sep 26 '17 03:27


  • Incidence of laminitis and survey of dietary and management practices in pleasure horses and ponies in south-eastern Australia

    Tuesday, Sep 26 '17 03:27

    Objectives The aims of this study were to (1) report the incidence of laminitis among a population of horses and ponies attending Pony Clubs in Victoria, Australia, and (2) describe the dietary and management practices of the sample population. Methods Researchers visited 10 Pony Clubs over a 10-month period. Horse and pony owners completed a questionnaire to provide information on management relating to diet and exercise. Owners were also asked to report their animal’s history of laminitis, if any. Results From a survey population of 233 horses and ponies, 15.0% of animals (35 individuals) were reported to have suffered from at least one episode of laminitis. Of the animals that had suffered from laminitis, more than half had experienced multiple episodes. The majority of previously laminitic horses and ponies (71.4%) had not experienced an episode of laminitis within the past 12 months; however, 14.2% had experienced an incident within the past month. The proportion of ponies affected by laminitis (31/142; 21.8%) was significantly higher (P < 0.001) than the proportion of horses affected by laminitis (4/91; 4.4%). The incidence of laminitis within the pony group sampled was 6.5 cases per 100 pony years, while the incidence in horses was 0.55 cases per 100 horse years. Conclusion This study provided information on the incidence of laminitis in the general population of pleasure horses and ponies in south-eastern Australia. It also provided an overview of dietary and management practices. Given the high incidence of animals that had been affected by laminitis (and the associated welfare implications), this study highlights the importance of owner education regarding appropriate feeding and management strategies to reduce the risk of laminitis. Read more...

  • Prevalence of exon 11 internal tandem duplications in the C-KIT proto-oncogene in Australian canine mast cell tumours

    Tuesday, Sep 26 '17 03:27

    Objective To measure the prevalence of internal tandem duplications (ITDs) in exon 11 of the proto-oncogene C-KIT in a sample of Australian cutaneous canine mast cell tumours (MCTs) drawn from general practice and to evaluate relationships between tumour mutation status and prognostic factors including signalment, tumour histological grade, tumour anatomical location and tumour size. Methods C-KIT exon 11 ITDs were detected by PCR in DNA extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded canine MCTs sourced from three veterinary diagnostic laboratories in Adelaide and Melbourne. Tumours were graded according to two different systems (Patnaik and Kiupel systems) by board-certified anatomical pathologists blinded to the PCR results. Relationships between tumour mutation status and prognostic factors were evaluated using a generalised binary logistic regression analysis. Results ITDs were identified in 13 of 74 cutaneous canine MCT samples, giving an overall prevalence of 17.6% (95% confidence interval: 8.9–26.2%). ITDs were detected in 10 of 18 Patnaik grade III MCTs (55.6%) and 11 of 22 Kiupel high-grade MCTs (50%). Wald chi-square analysis revealed that detection of tumour ITDs was significantly associated with both Patnaik’s and Kiupel’s histologic grading systems (each: P < 0.001). The presence of the ITDs in MCTs was not associated with signalment, tumour anatomical location or tumour size. Conclusion The prevalence of C-KIT exon 11 ITDs in Australian canine MCTs is similar to the prevalence in overseas canine populations (overall prevalence in Australia approximately 18%). ITDs were more frequently identified in higher grade MCTs. Read more...

Vet News

  • How does rabies cause aggression?

    Saturday, Oct 14 '17 06:00

    New research investigates the molecular mechanism that allows the rabies virus to induce aggressive behavior in the infected host. Read more...

  • Caring for a sick pet can increase anxiety, depression

    Tuesday, Sep 19 '17 05:00

    A pioneering study looks at the impact of caregiver burden among owners of sick animals. The results point to elevated stress and poorer quality of life. Read more...

  • Should you snuggle with your dog at night?

    Monday, Sep 11 '17 05:00

    A new study investigates the divisive question: should you sleep with your dog? The answer is twofold: yes, but your own bed should be off-limits. Read more...

  • Pictures of cute animals may boost marital satisfaction

    Sunday, Jun 25 '17 05:00

    Learning to associate spouses with unrelated positive stimuli - such as pictures of puppies - could help to improve marital satisfaction, study suggests. Read more...

  • Snake venom could lead to safer blood clot prevention

    Sunday, Jun 11 '17 05:00

    Researchers have found that a protein in the venom of the Tropidolaemus wagleri snake may lead to a safer antiplatelet medication. Read more...